Cara Merencanakan Pembuatan PC Kustom – Panduan Utama untuk Dummies

Cara Merencanakan Pembuatan PC Kustom – Panduan Utama untuk Dummies

Cara Merencanakan Pembuatan PC Kustom – Panduan Utama untuk Dummies.

 Cara Merencanakan Pembuatan PC Kustom – Panduan Utama untuk Dummies



Jadi Anda pernah mendengar bahwa Anda dapat membuat PC, tetapi Anda tidak tahu bagaimana melakukannya, apakah Anda harus melakukannya dan apa (secara harfiah) yang diperlukan untuk membuat komputer Anda sendiri. Kabar baiknya adalah bahwa membangun komputer Anda sendiri sangat mudah dan cukup bermanfaat, tetapi tidak untuk semua orang.


Dengan asumsi bahwa Anda belum pernah membuat komputer sebelumnya, kami akan membahas topik yang agak berbobot ini dengan cara yang selogis mungkin.

Daftar isi


Desktop Atau Laptop?


Jika Anda tidak tahu, dunia komputer sedang diambil alih oleh laptop. Seruan itu sepenuhnya bisa dimengerti. Kami menjalani kehidupan yang lebih mobile sekarang dan hanya dengan membeli komputer portabel yang lengkap dalam satu paket adalah cara termudah untuk melanjutkan hidup Anda dan menyelesaikan beberapa pekerjaan.


Haruskah Anda memilih untuk membeli laptop daripada membangun komputer desktop? Sejujurnya, jika Anda membeli laptop kelas menengah yang layak, sebagian besar pengguna akan sangat senang dengan laptop modern. Bahkan laptop yang lebih berorientasi anggaran memiliki kinerja yang lebih dari cukup untuk pekerjaan kantor, menjelajahi web, dan memainkan judul video game kasual. Itu salah satu alasan beberapa orang bahkan membuang laptop ke tablet. Komputasi tujuan umum tidak lagi membutuhkan komputer khusus apa pun.


Komputer berperforma tinggi masih menjadi domain mesin desktop, terutama karena laptop berperforma tinggi sangat mahal dan dilengkapi dengan banyak kompromi. Bagi kebanyakan orang, laptop akan baik-baik saja.


Meskipun demikian, ada beberapa alasan bagus dan kuat untuk membangun PC. Berikut adalah beberapa yang paling penting:

  * Ini umumnya lebih murah daripada laptop dengan spesifikasi serupa.

  * Beberapa komputer, seperti server media rumah atau komputer bersama tidak memerlukan portabilitas.

  * Anda dapat membuat komputer dasar sekarang dan mengembangkannya nanti.

  * Anda dapat menukar dan meningkatkan komponen tunggal dari waktu ke waktu, untuk memperpanjang umur komputer atau memperbaikinya.

  * Anda dapat menyesuaikan komputer persis dengan kebutuhan Anda.


Jika itu adalah daftar alasan yang terdengar menarik bagi Anda, maka persiapkan diri Anda untuk perjalanan penemuan saat kita mulai membangun komputer.


Awalnya: Memutuskan Visi Anda


Komputer datang dalam berbagai bentuk dan ukuran, dan itu harus ditentukan oleh tujuan yang Anda bayangkan untuk komputer Anda.

* Apakah Anda menginginkan mesin kantor yang menjalankan aplikasi seperti Word dan melakukan penelusuran web?

  * Apakah Anda akan menggunakan PC Anda untuk beberapa jenis pekerjaan media, seperti mengedit video atau audio?

  * Mungkin Anda ingin membuat PC media yang terhubung ke TV Anda, terletak di sebelah konsol dan penerima AV Anda?


Apa pun yang ingin Anda lakukan dengan komputer masa depan Anda akan memengaruhi bagian mana yang Anda pilih dan bagaimana anggaran Anda dialokasikan. Jadi sebelum Anda membuat keputusan apa pun yang memerlukan komitmen finansial, luangkan waktu untuk memikirkan pekerjaan apa yang harus dilakukan komputer ini.


Ingatlah bahwa panduan ini ditujukan untuk pengguna yang ingin membuat komputer untuk keperluan umum, tetapi Anda dapat menyesuaikan saran dasar agar sesuai dengan kebutuhan Anda. Jika Anda secara khusus mencari panduan untuk membuat PC gaming yang keren, bantulah diri Anda sendiri dan lihat panduan khusus kami untuk para gamer.


Menetapkan Anggaran Anda


Ini sangat mungkin merupakan bagian terpenting dari proses pembuatan PC. Jumlah total uang yang harus Anda keluarkan untuk membangun PC Anda adalah segalanya. Ini menentukan tingkat kinerja keseluruhan yang Anda mampu, berapa banyak pengorbanan yang perlu Anda lakukan dan apakah Anda harus bergantung pada suku cadang bekas dalam beberapa kasus.


Tentukan anggaran Anda terlebih dahulu kemudian alokasikan ke berbagai komponen sesuai dengan prioritas Anda. Kami akan berbicara tentang keputusan anggaran yang masuk akal dengan masing-masing komponen secara individual.


Menggunakan Alat Perencanaan Pembuatan PC


Untungnya, sekarang ada beberapa alat online yang sangat intuitif di mana Anda dapat "membangun" komputer Anda di atas kertas dan memastikan semua bagian akan bekerja sama.


Untuk uang kami, PC Part Picker adalah pilihan utama. Dengan menggunakan alat ini Anda dapat bermain-main dengan build Anda, pastikan komponen Anda benar-benar akan bekerja sama dan dapatkan harga terbaik untuk setiap komponen.


Ini juga merupakan cara yang bagus untuk menunjukkan calon bangunan Anda kepada teman yang dapat membantu Anda membuat keputusan yang baik. Sebenarnya, untuk contoh sistem dalam panduan ini, kita akan menggunakan anggaran kantor pusat mereka.


Daftar Belanja: Setiap Edisi Komponen


Sekarang Anda dipersenjatai dengan ide bagus tentang sistem seperti apa yang ingin Anda bangun, dan memiliki alat untuk membantu Anda mengatur suku cadang sebelum Anda membelinya dan memulai perakitan. Sekarang kita harus benar-benar memilih bagian-bagian yang akan membentuk komputer.


Kami akan membahasnya dalam urutan yang logis dan mendiskusikan pertimbangan utama untuk berbagai kebutuhan yang mungkin Anda miliki. Bagian yang disarankan di setiap bagian diambil dari build PC Part Picker yang disebutkan di atas.


Kasus

The case (sometimes referred to as the chassis) is the physical framework of your computer. All the parts of the device are mounted within this item. Why are we starting with the case? We think there are a few good reasons to choose a case before you pick anything else.


First of all, you need to pick a case that’s the right size and shape for your needs. You don’t want a hulking full tower case just to act as a media server or office machine. You also don’t want a case that can’t handle future expansions you’re likely to need.


Cases come in different standards, which dictate what type of motherboards they are compatible with. We’ll explain what you need to know about motherboards next, but a given PC chassis will support specific motherboard sizes. The three you’ll most likely encounter (from largest to smallest) are ATX, Micro ATX and Mini ITX. There are other variations on these size standards, but they aren’t relevant to typical home users.


Cases designed to house ATX motherboards are generally larger than those designed to house the smaller standards. This doesn’t have to be true, but it’s a good rule of thumb. Sometimes ATX cases will also have mounting points for smaller board standards, although there’s not much reason to put a tiny motherboard in a giant case.


In terms of the actual case size classes, the most popular style to build a PC is the mid-tower case, such as this one.


Mini ITX systems are also becoming popular, especially since you can buy one that takes full-sized expansion cards and has great cooling.


There are lots of considerations when choosing a case, but we’ve boiled it down to the following:

  * Shortlist cases that will fit in the space you have and look good in that specific environment.

  * Make sure the case has enough drive bays and expansion slots to accommodate your immediate and future needs.

  * Features such as tool-less design and modular drive bays are a nice feature, but not essential.


The final piece of advice we have for you when it comes to PC cases, is to avoid cases that come with a power supply. We’re going to deal with power supplies in their own right a little later in the article, but it’s worth mentioning this here. It’s better to buy the power supply separately so that it fits your needs exactly and the ones included with cases are more often than not a poor investment.


The suggested case here is the Thermaltake Versa H15.


The Motherboard


The motherboard is the component that connects all of your other computer components together. Since you’ve already chosen a case above, the first major filter when narrowing down your motherboard selection is which motherboard types your chosen case can accommodate.


Next we want to look at which brand of CPU your motherboard will support.These days the choice is between motherboards that accept AMD CPUs and ones that work with Intel. At the time of writing, AMD offers the best performance-per-dollar value and is challenging Intel to the outright performance crown.


Most of the important performance components that used to be on the motherboard is now on the CPU itself, so the most important decisions you need to make have more to do with how much expansion the board allows. In other words, how many USB ports does it have? What types are they? How many PCI Express expansion slots are there? Choose a motherboard that:

  * Fits the case you’ve chosen

  * Supports CPUs as recent as you can afford

  * Has enough expandability to leave you with an upgrade path


For general purpose computing (and even high-end tasks, such as gaming) there’s not an important difference in performance between cheaper and more expensive motherboards.


You don’t have to spend money on features that relate to overclocking, fancy light or any of those decorative features. You may want to spend a little more to have a motherboard with a thicker PCB (printed circuit board), solid capacitors and more power phases. On balance however, any motherboard from a good brand will do.


The suggested motherboard here is the ASRock B450M-HDV R4.0.


The CPU


The CPU is the main brain of your computer and the key performance component. Modern CPUs are multi-core, which means they actually consist of multiple CPUs in one. Quad-core CPUs are now considered the mainstream standard for general computing. Your budget may even allow for a six- or eight-core CPU. Especially if you’ve chosen to go with AMD’s latest Ryzen CPUs.


The clock speed (measured in Ghz) isn’t all that important these days, as even entry-level quad-core CPUs can dynamically ramp up their speed to match the task at hand. Just make sure you pick a CPU that’s on your chosen motherboard’s supported list. Your CPU should also come with a stock cooler, which will be perfectly fine for most people.


The suggested CPU here is the AMD Ryzen 3 2200G Quad Core.


Memory


RAM – Random Access Memory, is the high-speed storage space that your CPU accesses directly. Having lots of RAM means the CPU doesn’t have to wait for slower storage to catch up. But how much should you have?


These days the absolute minimum is 8GB of RAM. regardless of what you use your computer for. That’s going to be as low as you’ll want to cut it. 16GB is however the mainstream amount to aim for. Modern operating systems are very good at using idle memory to speed up the system, so you won’t be wasting any of it.


What memory should you get when you build a PC? If the price differences aren’t large, it’s worth buying the fastest memory that your chosen motherboard supports. Your motherboard will support a specific range of memory modules and also have a fixed number of slots within which to put them. Most motherboards use a “dual channel” memory configuration, which means modules work in pairs to improve performance.


Triple- and quad- channel setups also exist, where you need to install memory modules in sets of three and four respectively. It’s preferable that all your memory modules be the same brand, capacity and model to make sure it all works smoothly. At the very least each matched set of modules should be the same.


You can run a single module in your computer to save money at the cost of some performance. This makes the most sense when you only have two slots on your motherboard, because you can then later double your memory capacity by adding another module to the open slot.


The suggested memory here is this 8GB Patriot Viper dual-channel kit.


Internal Storage


Internal storage describes the drives that hold your operating system, applications and frequent data. The norm these days is to use an SSD or solid state drive. They are much faster and robust than mechanical drives and give even modest computers a massive performance boost.


They are also pretty affordable now, so get an SSD as your main drive and, if you need mass storage, add a cheap mechanical drive as your secondary. For example, you could get a 500GB main drive and then add a 4TB mechanical drive for the best of both worlds.


The suggested internal storage for this particular build is the TEAMGROUP GX2 512GB 2.5 Inch SATA III Internal Solid State Drive SSD.


The GPU


A GPU is a dedicated processor that handles the pretty pictures you see on screen. You can buy a CPU that has an integrated GPU, and also shares the same pool of RAM. If you don’t need to use applications that use detailed 3D graphics and just want to do general work and maybe watch some Netflix, the integrated GPUs you get these days are quite good. Especially on AMD CPUs.


If you do need the power of a dedicated GPU card, then have a look at our detailed guide on the subject.


Since the build we pulled from PC Part Picker uses the built-in GPU on the CPU, there’s no separate part here.


The Power Supply


The last component you should decide on is the power supply. Why? Because this part needs to have enough juice to power everything safely, with enough overhead.


The easiest way to do this is by using a power supply calculator and then buying a good-quality power supply that matches or exceeds the recommended amount of power. Especially if you want to add components in future without having to replace the power supply.


The Build: I Love it When a Plan Comes Together


Now that we have all our parts, here’s how to put them together.


First, install the CPU and CPU cooler as per the manufacturer’s instructions, into the motherboard. You should also install the RAM modules at this point. If your motherboard supports M.2 SSDs, which also slot directly into the motherboard, you should also attach them now, before the motherboard goes in the case.


Install the power supply into the case, it should only take a few screws to secure it. This is where the power supply goes.


Now you should have a case and power supply on one hand and a motherboard with its main components on the other.


Now that all these components are on the motherboard, we can put it into the case. First, screw in the included motherboard standoffs, in line with the corresponding holes on your motherboard.


Then all you have to do is install the IO shield that came with your motherboard into the case. Then line up the IO ports with it. Now line up the screw holes on the motherboards with your standoffs and secure the board.


Next, you need to hook up the motherboard headers to the case. This is where they should be:


Check your motherboard manual and case manual for the locations of these. Then plug in the case USB, power switch, reset switch, LED indicator lights and additional audio connectors.


Now, hook up the power connectors from the power supply to the motherboard. This should consist of the main power connector which usually consists of 24-pins. It will also usually include a 12-pin power connector for the CPU. Here’s an example:


Finally, we need to install any storage drives, connect them to the motherboard and also connect their power connectors. If you also need to install a GPU card, head over to our detailed guide here.


That should be it! After connecting a screen, mouse, keyboard and power cable, the computer should boot up and be ready for its operating system to be installed. If it doesn’t start up, open it up again and make sure everything is plugged in where it’s meant to be. When you build a PC, it can be easy to miss one small cable that’s crucial to everything.



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