Cara Menginstal Aplikasi Windows di Linux

Cara Menginstal Aplikasi Windows di Linux

Cara Menginstal Aplikasi Windows di Linux.

 Cara Menginstal Aplikasi Windows di Linux



Apakah Anda ingin beralih ke Linux tetapi tidak ingin kehilangan aplikasi Windows favorit Anda? Sekarang Anda dapat memiliki yang terbaik dari kedua dunia. Linux tahu bagaimana menangani sebagian besar jenis perangkat lunak Windows dan dengan beberapa tweak dapat menjalankan apa saja yang Anda lakukan.


Jika Anda tidak tertarik dengan dual-boot (memiliki kedua sistem di komputer Anda) atau Anda hanya ingin bereksperimen dengan jenis kemampuan yang dimiliki Linux untuk menjalankan perangkat lunak Windows, artikel ini akan memberikan gambaran yang baik tentang apa yang perlu Anda ketahui .

Daftar isi


Coba Anggur


Wine adalah lapisan kompatibilitas sumber terbuka yang memungkinkan pengguna menjalankan aplikasi Windows langsung dari desktop Linux mereka.


Saat ini ada ribuan aplikasi yang didukung penuh yang berjalan di Wine. Anggur sangat ramah pengguna.


Perhatikan bahwa jika suatu program memerlukan kunci lisensi untuk berjalan secara legal di Windows, Anda harus memiliki kunci lisensi agar program atau aplikasi dapat menjalankannya secara legal melalui Wine.


Untuk artikel ini, kita akan menggunakan Ubuntu. Namun, instalasi untuk distro Linux lainnya harus sangat mirip.


Cara Menginstal Wine Di Ubuntu Linux Melalui GUI


Anda dapat menemukan Wine di Pusat Perangkat Lunak Ubuntu Anda. Namun, versi yang tersedia secara default mungkin bukan yang terbaru.


Untuk menghindari menginstal versi Wine yang lebih lama, Anda perlu menambahkan repositori Wine resmi. Anda dapat menggunakan baris perintah atau Graphical User Interface (GUI) untuk menambahkannya ke sistem Anda. Di bawah ini adalah langkah-langkah yang harus diikuti menggunakan metode GUI.


Ketik perangkat lunak ke dalam menu Aplikasi.


Langkah selanjutnya klik Software & Updates, lalu tab Other Software dan pilih Add. Di bagian baris APT, tambahkan yang berikut ini, lalu klik Tambahkan Sumber.

ppa: ubuntu-wine/ppa


Masukkan kata sandi Sudo Anda, yang merupakan kata sandi yang sama dengan yang Anda atur saat Anda menginstal Ubuntu. Biasanya sama dengan yang Anda gunakan untuk masuk.


Klik Otentikasi dan kemudian Tutup.


Anda kemudian akan diminta untuk memuat ulang dan kemudian membuka Pusat Perangkat Lunak. Lakukan pencarian untuk Wine lalu klik install. Tunggu hingga penginstalan selesai.


Menginstal Melalui Baris Perintah


Instalasi melalui baris perintah dapat dilakukan hanya dalam beberapa langkah.


Pertama, unduh kunci repositori anggur dan tambahkan ke sistem Anda.

wget -nc https://dl.winehq.org/wine-builds/winehq.key

sudo apt-key tambahkan winehq.key


Kemudian tambahkan PPA ke daftar paket Anda. Alamat PPA yang perlu Anda gunakan mungkin berbeda tergantung pada versi Linux yang Anda gunakan. Untuk Ubuntu 18.04, Anda menginginkan yang bionik.

sudo apt-add-repository 'deb https://dl.winehq.org/wine-builds/ubuntu/ bionic main'

sudo apt update


Kemudian untuk menginstal win, jalankan perintah berikut:

sudo apt install --install-recommends winehq-stable


Setelah perintah itu selesai, instalasi selesai. Anda dapat membuka program Anggur.


Jika langkah penginstalan terakhir mengeluh bahwa ia tidak dapat menemukan paket anggur yang benar atau tentang arsitektur yang salah, aktifkan pustaka tambahan 32-bit dengan menjalankan perintah berikut. Kemudian coba instal lagi.

sudo dpkg --add-architecture i386


Pilih Aplikasi Windows Anda

As mentioned above, Wine has a database of approximately 24,000 known apps. You can find this database on the WineHQ website.


They are sorted or ranked by how well they work when running in Wine and are as follows:

  * Platinum: runs seamlessly

  * Gold: requires some special configuration

  * Silver: some minor issues have been reported

  * Bronze: significant problems that affect usage

  * Garbage: doesn’t run at all on Wine


Let’s show you how to use an app that is included in the Platinum category.


Click Browse Apps from the left sidebar in the Application Database.


Type the name of the app you are looking for in the Name field. We are going to choose the Platinum rating and search for Notepad++.


Look at the screenshot below where you will see your search results.


When you click on Notepad++, you will see the application description, a list of available versions (if more than one), and how compatible it is with the version of Wine.


Once you select the version of the app you want to download, click on it. In this case, we will choose version 7.x. Note in the screenshot below that you are provided with a clickable download link.


How To Download & Use An App With Wine


Select the version you want to install. This is usually the latest version. In this case, it is version 7.7.1. Once you download the application, by default, it will be saved in your downloads folder.


Find the file (it will be a zipped file), right-click on it and choose Extract here from the menu options.


After you have extracted the files, find the notepad++.exe file.  Right-click on it and then select Open with Wine Windows Program Loader.


After you open the file, you will be able to use the Windows app Notepad++ on your Linux machine.


Since Wine doesn’t always run the latest version of Windows apps and some run sluggishly, you might want to consider using CrossOver.


Use CrossOver In Ubuntu Distribution


CrossOver is a commercial product from CodeWeavers. It costs $41.97 and has a fully functional 14-day free trial. It is based on Wine, as explained above.


CrossOver has enhanced functionality that:

  * Adds configuration tools

  * Modifies Wine source code

  * Applies compatibility patches


Compared to Wine, CrossOver is more user-friendly, automated, and provides technical support.


To start your free trial, go to CodeWeavers, select your Linux Distribution, and enter your name and email.


There are many Linux distributions available. The default package management system or install software tool will depend upon the type of Linux you are using.


Download CrossOver


You should install CrossOver from the appropriate .DEB or .RPM file using your system’s default installer program. For Ubuntu, you want the .DEB format.


Most of the time, all you need to do is download the CrossOver installer package and double-click on it. Be sure to select the appropriate package, 32 or 64-bit.


When you double-click on the downloaded file, it will launch the Ubuntu software center (the default package manager.)


Click on Install and put in your root or sudo password when prompted to authenticate.


Once the installation is complete, close the Ubuntu Software Center.


The CrossOver menu items in Ubuntu’s Utility Desktop Manager are alphabetically organized by first name.Typing in CrossOver won’t help. You will need to bring up the installer menu. Type install in the search box.


You will have to search manually for CrossOver menu items. To learn more about different CrossOver menu items, read the FAQs.


During the installation process, be sure to select Always Update to ensure that the software installer is up to date. You are now ready to install and use Windows apps on your Ubuntu Linux machine.


Install Windows Software Using CrossOver


Once you have completed the installation, CrossOver will auto-start. You will only see one button. It says Install Windows Software.


When you click the button, there will be three steps to follow. In step one, search for your desired app in the database.


If your desired app is in the database, you will benefit from the special configurations already loaded and tested, and your app will work well. If the installer is not in your system, you can choose to let CrossOver download it for you.


If you want to install and use an application that isn’t included in the database, type it in step one and then choose Select Installer as step two.


Step three involves the bottle selection. Bottles are app containers with unique configurations. The different bottles in Crossover allow for compatibility diversity for different versions of Windows.


You will next see a summary screen. Click on Install to start the installation of the app you have chosen.


Once you have installed the Windows apps you want to use, a new bottle is created with the same name. Click on the bottles button. Then click Run Command.


You will now be able to locate the executable files in installed applications in the “c:” partition.


Once you choose the executable file you want to run, you can do so by creating a Launcher for it or running it directly.


You can find the launcher in the Programs section next to Run Command. You can also see in the screenshot below the configuration tool for a specific bottle.


If you click on Wine configuration, it will enable you to set new configurations for any chosen bottle. This can be helpful if you want to run a specific application that isn’t running well.


For more information on configurations and to get advice for library overrides, visit winehq.org.



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